A lady should study, not to shine, but to act.
—Catharine Beecher, 1827, “Female Education”
Ah, Colette. One of the most influential French authors of her time, she wrote about (and acted out) sexuality in a time that was tres taboo. After the divorce of her first husband, she found notoriety as a music hall dancer, where she performed some very suggestive dances with her lover, the Marquise de Belbeuf, nearly causing a riot.
After she married her second husband, she started a very publicized and scandalous affair with her husband’s son from a previous marriage, which eventually caused the end of that marriage.
Her third and final husband was Maurice Goudeket, a Jewish man whom she financially supported and hid during the Nazi occupation in Paris. After the war, she wrote her most famous book, Gigi, in 1945, which became a hit movie in 1949.
~ The Referee & Cycling Trade Journal: A Weekly Record and Review of Cycling and the Cycling Trade, 1893
Classical studies keep alive the sacred tradition of the moral and intellectual life of the human race. To curtail or enfeeble such studies would, in my eyes, be an act of barbarism, a crime against all true and high civilization, and in some sort an act of high treason against humanity.
—French philosopher and education reformer Victor Cousin, 1831, arguing that the nascent French public education system should be devoted as much to knowledge as to religious teachings or the pragmatic needs of the state and economy. This made the French system distinct from the German and the American.
“The war [of 1812] was so ill conceived and ineptly run that the government wanted to forget the whole embarrassment almost from the moment it ended,” says Gordon Wood, a leading historian of the early United States. He believes this willful amnesia, and the illusions that fueled the War of 1812, reflect a strain in the nation’s character that has surfaced many times, right down to Afghanistan and Iraq. “History should teach humility and prudence, but America doesn’t seem to learn. I’ve never seen a virgin who loses her innocence so often.”
Via the Ohio Federal Art Project, 1938
Via the Iowa Art Program, a division of the Works Progress Administration, 1936-1941